Buddleia

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Common name: Butterfly Bush
Botanical name: Buddleja or Buddleia
Season: Summer, autumn, and spring

Named after 17th Century botanist and taxonomist Adam Buddle “butterfly bush” are more commonly recognised as bushes but a few of the taller varieties qualify as trees.

These fragrant plants attract butterflies, bees and moths and so are often seen gracing the landscape of butterfly gardens. They vary in form and shape but are mostly a cluster of small blooms which come together to create a tubular shape ending in berry like buds.

Available in an abundance of colours including reddish purple, dark purple, pure pink and orange and yellows, they add gorgeous texture, scent and form to floral arrangements.

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Gardenias

Common name: Gardenia
Botanical name: Augusta or Florida
Season: Summer

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Gardenias are a versatile flowering shrub which is known for their uniquely exquisite sweet perfume, instantly creating a romantic atmosphere.

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Their fragrant and beautiful creamy white flowers can be seen from late spring to late autumn (November to May) with their best flowers flushing in the months leading up to Christmas.

As cut flowers they can be easily picked to use in posies and buttonholes (but great care is recommended as their delicate white petals can bruise and yellow easily)

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Anemones

Anemones

Anemones are in season and looking more beatuiful than ever. Available in an abundance of rich primary and pastel tones, these beauties can be found both in Autumn and Spring.

The name anemone comes from anemos, the Greek word for wind thus giving Anemone the name wind flower, because as the wind blows the petals are forced open and then eventually are blown away completely.

Broadly, there are three types of Anemone flowers-

Spring flowering type, which has either rhizomes or tubers.
Tuberous Mediterranean, which flowers in spring and summer.
Larger Fall flowering type, which blooms in late summer to fall and tends to have fibrous roots.

Popular species of Anemones and their common names are as follows:

Anemone blanda – Blue Anemone
Anemone coronaria – Poppy Anemone
Anemone hupehensis – Chinese Anemone
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica – Japanese Anemone
Anemone narcissiflora – Narcissus Anemone
Anemone nemorosa – Wood Anemone
Anemone ranunculoides – Yellow Woodland Anemone/buttercup anemone
Anemone sylvestris – Snowdrop Windflower
Anemone canadensis – Canada Anemone
Anemone fulgens – Scarlet Windflower
Anemone pulsatilla – Pasque Flower
Anemone apennina – Apennine Windflower

Hellebores

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Common name: Hellebores
Botanical name: Helleboreae
Season: Late Winter and early Spring

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Various species of this genus originated in Europe and Asia with the greatest concentration of species occurs in the Balkans and comprise of approximately twenty species.
The helleborus species are mostly low-growing compact plants. The simple, five-petalled, bowl-shaped flowers appear from mid-winter through to spring and occur in unusual shades of green, dusky pink, and maroon, as well as white. At the centre of the flower are yellow stamens. The flowers are backed by long-lasting petal-like sepals that persist well after the flower has died and which often continue to intensify in colour.
Hellebores are widely grown in gardens for decorative purposes. They are particularly valued by gardeners for their winter and early spring flowering period; the plants are surprisingly frost resistant. Also of value is their shade tolerance.

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Cymbidium Orchids

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Common name: Boat Orchid
Botanical name: Cymbidium Orchid
Season: Winter

These winter orchids are available in a fantastic range of multifaceted single and bi colours including reds, yellow, green, ivory, and my all time favourite bronze! Known for their amazing longevity (a potted bloom can last up to ten weeks and a cut bloom up to three weeks), these waxy textured orchids can withstand extreme cold temperatures and are beautiful as cut flowers and potted plants. As cut flowers it is best to purchase or choose a stem of full open blooms as the buds are most likely not going to open.

roses and orchids

As a potted plant they can thrive indoors but a good source of light and good drainage is highly recommended. To encourage flowering avoid over watering and a show of dark green leaves can indicate that the orchid is sitting in too much shade.

Cymbidium orchids are among the oldest horticultural orchids in the world. They were mentioned in a manuscript from the Chin dynasty in China, about two hundred years before Christ and even Confucius mentions them, calling them the king of fragrant flowers.

orchid buttonhole

Tulips

tulips in season

 

Common name: Tulip
Botanical name: Tulipa
Season: Early Autumn to Late Spring

Available in a wide array of colours there are currently over one hundred recognised tulip varieties to choose from. Within these varieties you can discover double tone, double petal, and feather petal varieties. Tulips are a bulbous plant which grow on single stems, each blooms typically carries, depending on the variety six to twelve petals

feathered tulip

In the 17th century tulips in Holland could cost more than an Amsterdam home. They were a sign of high status. Tulip trade at that time was prolific and for that reason one of the common misconceptions is that the tulip originated in the Netherlands, when in fact their origins can be traced to parts of Africa and East Asia.

An interesting fact when buying tulips as cut blooms is that they will continue to grow in water and usually last between seven to ten days, and will bend and grow towards sources of natural light.

David Austin

David Austin

David Austin

Common name: David Austin or English Rose
Botanical name: Rosa
Season: Late Spring and Summer

Dating back as far as the early 1900’s David Austin covers an extensive range of old English rose varieties and are named after rose breeder David Charles Henshaw Austin.

Renowned for their unique double, flat or slightly cupped flowers David Austin’s possess a distinct and lovely fruity fragrance and are sometimes mistaken for peony roses because of their tissue like texture and multi layered petals.

variety of david austen and garden roses

variety of david austen and garden roses

They are available in a large variety of pastel and deep red tones with tall and bushy like shrubs which can grow well in excess of two meters and can be grown as a freestanding hedge or trained as a small climber.
David Austin’s are abundant and fresh in the warmer summer months and are the perfect accompaniments for brides seeking an old world or vintage wedding theme.

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Pineapple Lilies

Pineapple Lily

Common name: Pineapple Lily
Botanical name: Eucomis pallidiflora
Season: Summer

These lilies are native to South Africa and commonly known as Pineapple lilies because in many of the species the blooms resemble a pineapple. The name Eucomis is of Greek origin, eu- meaning “pleasing” and kome “hair of the head”, thus referring to the tuft of leaf-like heads that crown each flower

Still life

It is a perennial growing up to75 cm tall, bearing star shaped clusters of flowers in greenish-white, cream and yellow colours

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Species can be found in grassland, forest, swamps and on river banks, but are absent from the drier regions.

It is a flowering ornamental and when planted they are a great attractor for butterflies and birds, so if you are looking to attract wildlife Pineapple Lily is a great choice.

Water Lily

Water lily

Common name: Water Lily
Botanical name: Nymphaea lotus
Season: Summer

Water lilies for me are the most intriguing flowers of all, a completely aquatic perennial plant which flowers in the warmer summer months. They can be found perched on large lily pads blossoming in various shades including white, pale pink, light blue and light purple tones.

In Buddhism the lotus flower holds strong symbolic value, rising above murky waters letting go of impurity of the body, speech, and mind its flowers blossom on long stalks as if floating above towards enlightenment. It is also symbolic of detachment as drops of water easily slide off its petals.

Water Lily buds

A trick for anyone wanting to encourage buds to open, gently twist the tip of the blossom bud. Also remember to keep the stems cut at an angle or better still allow the water lilies to be completely submerged and afloat to allow water to flow underneath the lily stem.

Peonies

Maple Florist flower index – Peonies

Common name: Peony
Botanical name: Paeonia officinalis
Season: Late spring and early summer

Beautiful peonies are in abundance this time of year and are available in white ivory, pastel and dark pinks, corals and beautiful rich burgundy tones. Interestingly the pink peonies are often more fragrant then the maroon coloured peonies.

Traditionally peonies are used for celebrating the 12th wedding anniversary. Originating in China paintings of peonies are often seen hung on the wall in order to bring good luck. That fact comes as no surprise as I find that Peonies easily transform any space with their unparalleled beauty! Here are some photos taken of freshly cut peonies from the flower markets.